NERP TE Project 5.2 - Combined water quality-climate effects on coral and other reef organisms (AIMS)

Project summary

This project will use complementary laboratory and field experiments to investigate the combined impacts of declining water quality (increased nutrients and sediments, and reduced light and salinity), increased sea temperature and ocean acidification on key reef species groups such as corals, foraminifera, crown-of-thorns starfish and rock-boring sea urchins.

Aquarium setup for an experiment at AIMS
Corals mounted on Lego blocs, at AIMS
 

Why this research is needed

Increasing sea temperatures, ocean acidification and reduced water quality from terrestrial run-off are likely to significantly alter marine and coastal ecosystems over the next few decades. To date, research investigating the impacts of these threats has considered each threat individually, but their interactions and cumulative impacts are as yet poorly understood and potentially more damaging than each threat in isolation. The outcomes of this research will demonstrate how management of local stressors such as reduced water quality is critical to maintaining the resilience of coral reefs to global stressors (increasing sea temperatures, ocean acidification), which are more difficult to manage.

Research-user focus

Knowledge from this project will contribute to Queensland and Australian Government policies to protect the Great Barrier Reef (GBR) from the effects of climate change and declines in water quality. The outcomes of this project will inform Reef Rescue, Reef Plan and facilitate management of the GBR by the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority (GBRMPA).

Outcomes

  • Quantification of changes in the tolerances of key reef species to global stressors (temperature increase, ocean acidification) due to increased local stressors, (increased nutrients, increased turbidity, decreased salinity).
  • Greater knowledge of the individual and synergistic effects of declining water quality and global stressors on reproduction, larval development and settlement of key coral reef invertebrates (e.g. corals, echinoderms).
  • Improved understanding of how changes in availability of carbonate in seawater as a result of ocean acidification will influence skeleton formation in calcifying reef organisms such as corals.

Reports, Publications and News

NERP Logo

For more information see Project 5.2 'Experimental and field investigations of combined water quality and climate effects on corals and other reef organisms' on the NERP Tropical Ecosystems Hub site.

Photos

Datasets

Publication on
9 June 2016
PreviewThis experiment grew adult Echinometra sp. A sea urchins under four temperature and pH treatments 28 / 7.9, 28 / 8.1, 31 / 7.9, 31 / 8.1 (degrees C, pH) to investigate the interactive effects of warming and acidification on their physiology.
Publication on
17 September 2015
The objective of this project is to assess how management of local stressors such as land runoff can help improve the resilience of coral reefs to global stressors (climate change) which are more difficult to manage. Complementary laboratory and field experiments will investigate the combined impacts of declining water quality (increased nutrients and sediments, and reduced light and salinity), increased sea temperature and ocean acidification on key reef species groups such as corals, foraminifera, crown-of-thorns starfish and rock-boring sea urchins.

Publication on
9 December 2015
PreviewThis dataset consists of one csv data file from field derived experiments at tropical carbon dioxide seeps in Papua New Guinea, measuring the response parameters: calcification, photosynthesis, carbon and nitrogen contents and carbon isotopic signatures on Halim
Publication on
9 December 2015
PreviewThis dataset consists of one data file (spreadsheet) from a 2 week aquarium experiment manipulating pH (pCO2) changes and measuring photosynthetic and growth responses of three tropical seagrass species (Cymodocea serrulata, Halodule uninervis and Th
Publication on
16 December 2015
PreviewThis dataset consists of one data file from a 16 day aquarium experiment manipulating pH and light level and measuring growth, photosynthesis, calcification and pigment content of Acropora millepora.