Water quality logger time series data 2016 to 2020 Cleveland Bay, Halifax Bay and Dunk Island (NESP TWQ 2.1.5 and 5.8, JCU)

This dataset documents the spatial and temporal variability of resuspension events and sediment dynamics at seven Great Barrier Reef Lagoon inshore locations using continuous logger data (10 min sampling intervals) over 3 ½ years and analysed the quantity of sediment collected in newly designed sediment traps. The dataset highlights the influence of river discharge events on sediment dynamics across these locations. *This dataset is currently under embargo. The key point to note is that this project is primarily interested in the turbidity (SSC), wave pressure and light data. Hence these data have received extensive ‘cleaning’ where unrealistic spikes due to fouling, instrument malfunction or sensor obstruction – e.g. fish) have been removed. Every attempt has been made to ensure that these specific data are correct. However, the additional data provided such as deposition and temperature (and to a lesser extent current speed and direction) have received less attention and so there is less confidence in these data and should be used with caution. Finally extensive gaps in the dataset represent either data overwriting (by the nephelometer), instrument snagging (current meter) or instrument malfunction. Methods: Nephelometers were sourced from the Marine Geophysics Laboratory, James Cook University. Prior to deployment each instrument is calibrated using the laboratory’s standard procedure where calibrations for turbidity (to normalise readings for standardisation across all instruments), pressure and light are performed. The instruments were deployed for periods spanning from 2 to 5 months at seven inshore locations. On retrieval the data from each instrument are downloaded and pasted into a spreadsheet where the calibrations (prior to deployment) are applied to showcase the time series of the data. Site calibrations of benthic sediment to instrument normalised turbidity readings are applied to convert the NTU turbidity measurements to suspended sediment concentrations (SSC). This spreadsheet is used to also remove spurious data from the time series that have been due to instrument fouling, malfunction or obstruction. In some cases the instrument was flooded or lost and so no data are available for that deployment period. In other cases, the measurement of one or more of the parameters was not recorded by the instrument (due to issues mentioned previously) and so only the reliable data have been plotted. The current meter (Marotte) was also sourced from the Marine Geophysics Laboratory, James Cook University and downloaded using their software. We note that the turbidity, wave pressure and light data provided have been thoroughly checked for QA/QC procedures. However, the temperate and current meter data have not been thoroughly checked and there will be instances where the data from these instruments are spurious. We caution against using these data unless a thorough QA/QC process is implemented. In some cases, on longer deployments the earlier data were overwritten on the nephelometer and so these data have been lost. Format: The data are provided as Microsoft Excel files (a separate file for each site). Due to the limit of the number of rows permitted by Excel, the time series data have been spread across 3 worksheets for each file. Data Dictionary: TIMESERIES.XLSX for each location TIMESTAMP: date and time of measurement at 10 minute frequency [DD/MM/YYYY Hour:Minute] NEPHELOMETER DATA NTUe: turbidity measurements in units in filter effluent (NTUe) SSC: (mg.L-1) – suspended sediment concentrations converted from NTUe measurements LIGHT (µE.m-2.s-1):measure of light per 10 minute sensor reading DEPTH: of instrument from surface (m) RMS: measure of wave pressure TEMP: (degrees C) of water CURRENT METER DATA speed (m/s) heading (degrees CW from North) speed upper (m/s) speed lower (m/s) tilt (radians) direction (radians CCW from East) batt (volts) temp (Celsius) References: Lewis, S., Bainbridge, Z. Stevens, T. Garzon-Garcia, A. Chen, C. Burton, J. Bahadori, M. Rezaei Rashti, M. Gorman, J. Smithers, S. Olley, J. Moody, P. Dehayr, R. (2018) Sediment tracing from the catchment to reef: preliminary results from 2018 flood plume case studies, logger and sediment trap time series and an overview of project progress. Report to the National Environmental Science Programme. Reef and Rainforest Research Centre Limited, Cairns. Data Location: This dataset is filed in the eAtlas enduring data repository at: data\custodian\2019-2022-NESP-TWQ-5\5.8_Origin-detrimental-sediment

Principal Investigator
Lewis, Stephen, Dr Centre for Tropical Water and Aquatic Ecosystem Research, James Cook University
Co Investigator
Bainbridge, Zoe, Dr Centre for Tropical Water and Aquatic Ecosystem Research, James Cook University
Point Of Contact
Lewis, Stephen, Dr Australian Institute of Marine ScCentre for Tropical Water and Aquatic Ecosystem Research, James Cook Universityience (AIMS) stephen.lewis@jcu.edu.au

Data collected from 01 Jun 2016 until 30 Mar 2020

Data Usage Constraints
  • Attribution 3.0 Australia